Hello web surfer,

welcome at my homepage.

The focus of this site is individual software development and tools for it,
UiPath RPA extensions and SAP Add-Ons.

Last change on October the 04th, 2022
This is a private website, all rights by Stefan Schnell.

picture of a tree


separator picture of a path
About



 
picture of stefan schnell
Allow me to introduce myself, my name is Stefan Schnell. I was born in Bremervörde in 1964 and grew up in Cuxhaven. After my school and professional education, as well as my community service, I studied at the University of Applied Sciences in Hannover. As a Mechanical Engineer I worked for eight years at Conti Tech, a subsidiary of Continental AG, in the automotive sector, first in Hannover and later in Eislingen. I changed to the LASER machine manufacturer Baublys, a subsidiary of Excel Technology, in Ludwigsburg. Two years later I went to Bonn to the AOK Systems, the IT service provider for statutory health insurance companies, where I worked as a Senior Software Engineer until October 2020, primarily with SAP environments. Now I am working as a Senior Systems Engineer at BWI in Meckenheim, the IT system house of the German Federal Armed Forces.
In addition to my pronounced interest in software developments for automation solutions, with special consideration of complex integration scenarios, my passion is capturing unusual perspectives with my camera – if time permits. I focus the seemingly unimpressive. Also I like to read literature of technical developments in the recent past and futurological visions.
picture of stefan schnell
 

Most Valuable Professional (MVP)

At the 21st of February 2022 I received the UiPath MVP award. At the 04th of March 2021 I was already awarded with it. This award is given to those who have continuously making outstanding contributions to the UiPath Community with relentless passion, creativity and drive. The MVP have demonstrated strong product expertise, track record of engagement with the community, innovation, leadership and RPA knowledge sharing.

Official announcing of UiPath 2022
Official announcing of UiPath 2021

image of uipath community mvp 2021 image of uipath community mvp 2022

Monthly Forum Rewards

Monthly UiPath awards a reward to active members of the forum who dedicate their time and share their expert knowledge.
I placed the fifth in August 2021, fourth in September 2021, fifth in October 2021, fourth in November 2021, ninth in December 2021 and ninth in January 2022. With this I was in the top ten six times in a row. Furthermore I placed the seventeenth in February 2022, twelfth in May 2022, first in June 2022, eight in July 2022 and ninth in August 2022. This put me on the monthly forum rewards list eleven times in thirteen months, and nine times in the top ten.


DevCon, MVP Workshop in Expertsville

At the 15th and 16th of June 2021 I gave MVP workshops about SAP Remote Function Call (RFC) at UiPath DevCon. I discussed with participants from around the world about possibilities and specific issues in this context.

image of uipath devcon event for mvp workshop in expertsville about sap rfc

Global Virtual Event

At the 07th of April 2021 I was, beside Lev Kushnir, speaker at a UiPath Global Virtual Event about SAP API Automation with UiPath. I talked about the Remote Function Call (RFC) as a technical base concept, the Business Application Programming Interface (BAPI) as a formal variant of RFC and the Advanced Business Application Programming (ABAP) language, the SAP programming language, and how to use that in the context of UiPath.

image of uipath global event about sap api automation

Community Achievement Award

At the 18th of November 2020 I received the UiPath Community achievement award as a fastest adopter of the new Test Suite in test automation area.

image of uipath community achievement award

Inside Track Presentations

At the SAP Inside Track in Hanover (sitHVR) at Inwerken AG on 24th of February 2018 I presented different integration scenarios for the PowerShell scripting language in SAP. Based on realized use cases I showed the possible results of this combination. On 11th of May 2019 I presented further use cases, based on the presentation from last year. In particular, I showed examples of UI extensions and the use of Appium for mobile device automation, with the possibilities of connecting to a cloud device farm.

image of sap inside track 2018

Community Moderator

At the 28th of January 2018 I was appointed to a community moderator of the UI SAP GUI for Windows section. The global SAP moderator team became aware of me through my blog posts and further activities in the area of SAP GUI Scripting in the SAP Community. The date of this nomination is almost exactly to the day of my 10-year membership in the SAP Community.

image of letter of appreciation from sap
After almost 13 years I had to give up my user stefan.schnell, because it was linked to an S-User. Now I have a public user (P-User) st.schnell. Since the 15th of June 2020 I have been using this user and the role of community moderator has been transferred to it. With the 09th of April 2021, after more than three years, I quit my role as community moderator. You can find the reputation snapshot of my S-User here and here the summary of my activities.

summary of sap community user stefan.schnell

Topic Leader - Appreciation of Engagement in the SCN

At the 10th of June 2016 I received a certificate of appreciation from SAP to honor my engagement and my outstanding contributions in the area of scripting languages in the SAP Community Network (SCN). In 2015 I was already awarded with it. With the SCN Topic Leader competition the world's most active experts in specific topics of the SCN are exposed.
image of sap topicleader certificate

As a university student in the first semester I joined the Association of German Engineers (Verein Deutscher Ingenieure) in 1989. On 21st of March 2014 Mr. Dietrich, the chairman of the Middle Rhein District Association of the VDI, handed to me the Silver VDI Badge for 25 years of loyal membership in a gala at the Koblenz University of Applied Sciences.

image of vdi honour
 


separator picture of a water and stones
Programming



 

.NET Core SDK
Platform Independent Development


PowerShell Core
Platform Independent Scripting


Java Development Kit
Platform Independent Development
JaCoB ‐ Java COM Bridge


Notepad++
Editor on Windows


PureBasic
Windows Development


AutoIt
Windows Scripting

 
 


separator picture of houses
Projects



This library delivers information about SAP GUI for Windows installation and its customizing. It is very important to know the details about the SAP GUI for Windows execution environment. Using this you can check whether the expected conditions are fulfilled, e.g. for an attended bot which needs access to a SAP system. It is possible that the user has disabled the SAP GUI Scripting in the options dialog of the SAP Logon. In this case, the bot will not run correctly. With the property IsScriptingInstalledAndEnabled you can easily check it. With this library it is also very easy to check if a SAP GUI for Windows exists and which version is available. Also it is possible to get more information, e.g. the customizing of the theming and the visualization, which is very important for UI based automation scenarios. The library contains the following possibilities:

  • SAP GUI Installation Info
    This checks if SAP GUI for Windows is installed. Also it delivers the installation directory, version and patch-level of SAP GUI for Windows.
  • SAP GUI Configuration Info
    This delivers information about SAP GUI configuration.
  • SAP GUI Logon Options Info
    This delivers information about SAP GUI Logon Options customizing.
  • SAP GUI Scripting Info
    This provides information about SAP GUI Scripting customizing.
  • SAP GUI Theming Info
    This delivers information about the selected theme of the SAP GUI for Windows.
  • SAP GUI Control Settings Info
    This delivers information about the user individual SAP GUI control settings.
  • SAP GUI Visualization Info
    This delivers information about the user individual SAP GUI visualization settings.
  • SAP GUI GuiXT Info
    This delivers information about GuiXT installation.
The library is available in three versions. One version is a NuGet package for UiPath, another version is a COM library for SAP Intelligent RPA and last but not least one version for dotNET.

Download of SAPGUIInfo.Activities.UiPath.zip (Version 2.00 from 11.12.2021 for UiPath) or from UiPath Marketplace
sapguiinfo.activities.uipath.zip with the size of 179'652 bytes and the SHA256 CRC check sum 8c13f29564116de1cecc7cbf6d08ed552379d03ff4e77aa1a424dcc2bee1ec28
Download of SAPGUIInfo.COM.zip (Version 1.09 from 16.11.2021 for SAP Intelligent RPA or any other COM enabled language)
sapguiinfo.com.zip with the size of 168'120 bytes and the SHA256 CRC check sum 94334b2e816529776d97b6efdcfa3b63ba7f86ea3c64cf30777868ab7af6abab
Download of SAPGUIInfo.dotNET.zip (Version 1.09 from 17.11.2021 for dotNET)
sapguiinfo.dotnet.zip with the size of 12'901 bytes and the SHA256 CRC check sum cb06d946bb7f7628debdfa248e78fbf4c6c2d39bc26801809a4b493de220d689

Links
Last update 11.12.2021 / Online since 08.09.2019

ABAP is the programming language in SAP environments. It offers powerful possibilities with its commands to handle and manipulate data on the SAP ERP backend system. This ABAPRunner activity offers the possibility to use ABAP code from different automation platforms. You can code your ABAP reports local and ABAPRunner transfers it to an SAP backend system and executes it. So you can use one automation process on several SAP systems and it is not necessary to provide all SAP systems with the reports beforehand. You can code once and run it anywhere. This is comparable to the same functionality in eCATT. The complete automation workflow is one unit and not distributed on different systems. This scenario is pirmarely used in test automation.

You can use ABAPRunner for the following tasks
  • Generating test data with all ABAP possibilities
  • Execution of non remote enabled function modules
  • Check data with SAP Open SQL statements
  • ...
Hint: This approach is only for development and testing environments.

Watch this video to see a simple example.

Download of ABAPRunner.Activities.UiPath.zip (Version 2.03 from 01.10.2022 for UiPath) or from UiPath Marketplace
abaprunner.activities.uipath.zip with the size of 253'113 bytes and the SHA256 CRC check sum 0cb5fe488aa0895a292f2f2aeefe4a0e1699b9bbed1a48542bc2ae63ce3647dd

Last update 01.10.2022 / Online since 09.04.2020

With this tool you can generate C# or VB.NET code to use remote enabled function modules (RFM) or to get data of tables of an SAP back-end system, e.g. in RPA. You can easily detect and select the RFM or table you need. With a few mouse clicks you can generate the code to call the RFM or to get the data from a table. All descriptions and interfaces, with its technical details, of the RFM or fields of a table are visible and you can put together exactly what you need.

Download of RFMCodeGen.zip (Version 1.6.3 from 05.05.2022)
rfmcodegen.zip with the size of 3'398'104 bytes and the SHA256 CRC check sum f3641a18f13350eac345ae9a29cfbc13c5caa39a639e7feb230683c48090ed88

Last update 08.05.2022 / Online since 24.01.2021

With this library it is possible to handle RAR compressed archives with UiPath. You can extract all files, a group of files or a specific file to a destination directory of your choice. Furthermore you can test the files in the RAR archive or you can get a list of it. Ditto you can get the comment of the archive. This library contains the current version 6.11.100.427 of UnRAR.dll, for x86 and x64 architecture, from RARLAB, this ensures that all versions of RAR archives are supported. Also this package contains a version for dotNET Framework 4.61, dotNET 5 and dotNET 6, so that it can be used with all Windows compatibility modes of UiPath.

Download of UnRAR.Activities.zip (Version 2.04 from 30.03.2022 for UiPath) or from UiPath Marketplace
unrar.activities.zip with the size of 480'192 bytes and the SHA256 CRC check sum e67a06739aaca3e243aa48f740d131262fad8a1897f9ffe82e1b607fb4ed42ef

Last update 31.03.2022 / Online since 19.01.2020

This activity offers the possibility to scan strings and buffers to evaluate script code to identify malware, before executing or storing on disk. It uses the Microsoft Anti Malware Scan Interface (AMSI). AMSI is not a panacea, because the functions are limited to detecting threats and notifing about them. Obfuscated scripts can already make detection difficult or impossible at this level. Also not every antivirus platform supports AMSI, so it is necessary to check this.
This package contains a version for dotNET Framework 4.61 and dotNET 6, so that it can be used with all Windows compatibility modes of UiPath.

Download of AMSI.Activities.zip (Version 1.02 from 28.08.2022 for UiPath) or from UiPath Marketplace
amsi.activities.zip with the size of 195'746 bytes and the SHA256 CRC check sum c9f4edd83648ba215af7ff2a73b6ccbec3d4981b122c22ed5f72aa4e20f164d5

Last update 28.08.2022 / Online since 31.03.2022

Many information is stored in different files with different formats. This information is often important for the customer and there is the question, how to transport this to a customer.
BinFile2ABAP is an ABAP, JSON and PowerShell code generator which offers this possibility. With BinFile2ABAP you can store each file in an ABAP function module, report, form, as JSON or PowerShell file. This means, it converts the file to an ABAP source code, to a JSON base64 encoded file or to a PowerShell file.
With the call of the ABAP code the file is set to an export interface or saved on the presentation server. In this case you can executed it on the presentation server e.g. in synchronous mode and the file can be deleted after the execution. Also BinFile2ABAP supports the SAP MIME-Repository.
BinFile2ABAP can also create base64 encoded JSON and PowerShell files from any file too. You can use this JSON file in the context of your SAPUI5 development, e.g. to simulate backend databinding, via OData and the SAP Gateway, as local databinding.
With this kind of information you can extend your possibilities. You can integrate each type of file you want in your ABAP, SAPUI5 or PowerShell code, e.g. Portable Document Format (PDF), Compiled HTML Help (CHM), all image, sound and video formats etc.

Download of BinFile2ABAP (version 2.08 from 24.05.2020)
BinFile2ABAP.zip: 580'833 Bytes with SHA256 CRC check sum: 052cdaa557b347c8b658bf4a4aa9dfb4a2f570ad49a506e813ca01fc5cbfdf07
BinFile2ABAP.exe (x64): 156'672 Bytes with SHA256 CRC check sum: 3755645d567579178481b278f4e71ab69789484d3cd51d41f3dd5e87e0299502
BinFile2ABAP.exe (x86): 114'176 Bytes with SHA256 CRC check sum: dc2863a5aadeda8746035bd67a619c45bd658aefa070d0dd8b5660e0d9a4c0f3

Last update 01.01.2021 / Online since 07.10.2012

The picture to XML program is a converter which transforms picture files into XML spreadsheet format. So it is possible to load a picture as a real table in a spreadsheet program like Microsoft Excel or Apache OpenOffice Calc.
The converter is a console application and supports the picture formats JPG, PNG, BMP and TIF. The maximal size of a picture could be 1000 pixel width and 1000 pixel height. This size limit is necessary, because otherwise the size of the XML file is to big and it is for the spreadsheet programs not possible to load these file.
I developed this program in the context of my activities with abap2xlsx. To present the progress of the abap2xlsx implementation in our company I need some eye-catcher. So I searched around and one of the results was Excel Art. I am impressed about the idea to create pictures in a spreadsheet program. But I am no art-ist, so the idea for a converter was born. By the way, the colleagues are also impressed about Excel Art.
Pic2XML is a fun program, it has not really a business context - only to surprise and impress your colleagues.

Download of the Pic2XML converter (version 1.01 from 08.08.2022)
pic2xml.zip: 394'504 Bytes with SHA256 CRC check sum: 46cfc42f1adf310b9a5d94872e95321efc4cf649439953dd72fc1bb74eb8f977
pic2xml_x64.exe: 907'264 Bytes with SHA256 CRC check sum: 37221ef65be9dfb6f150875fcba7f28b77d2d70881dfe9b81014c989fc3992cd

Last update 09.08.2022 / Online since 09.09.2018



separator picture of a water and stones
Blog




Most people assume that they need a big development environment with a lot of comfort to create good libraries, for local deployment in RPA context. This is a mistake. The manufacturers also offer command line (CLI) versions for their compilers and tools, e.g. to ensure multi-platform capability or the ability to integrate into pipelines. Certainly, it is more tedious to read the documentation of the parameters, but in the end we can get the same result. This section will show examples of how to achieve results quickly and easily with just a few tools. This approach also has the advantage that it can be transferred very easily to other systems, because very few or no additional tools are required. This independence provides many freedoms.

Editor

You can choose any editor you like and you know best.
On Windows plattform Notepad++ is a good choice. There is a great list of Notepad++ plugins.
If you want to use one editor on different OS plattforms Geany is a good choice.

Shell

Each operating system has its own shell which you can always use, e.g. on Windows plattform cmd or on Linux plattform bash. A good choice is PowerShell Core. It is cross-plattform and offers great conditions. A detailed documentation of PowerShell is available.

Browser

A browser is also always available. A good choice is Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome.
Hint: If you need Chrome for Linux, change the platform parameter of the URL to linux, and for macOS, change it to mac

Language

To code in your favorite language you need an SDK, compiler or interpreter. .NET e.g. C#
Installation: Extract SDK in a target directory. Set DOTNET_ROOT variable to the sdk directory and add to the PATH variable %DOTNET_ROOT% directory.
JavaScript with Node.js
Installation: Extract packed file in a target directory. Set NODE_PATH variable to the directory and add to the PATH variable %NODE_PATH% directory.
Java
Installation: Extract JDK in a target directory. Set JAVA_HOME variable to the jdk directory and add to the PATH variable %JAVA_HOME%\bin directory.
Python

Sources of Information

.NET
JavaScript
Java Oracle Java documentation site
Python Python documentation site

Tool

  • Java decompiler JD
  • 7-Zip packer
    Hint: With 7-Zip it is possible to explore CHM Files and to get the HTML files.

Security

Examples

.NET Exposing .NET Core components to COM


Links

25.12.2018 / 17.04.2022

Combine PowerShell with UiPath

25.12.2018 / 02.07.2022
To combine PowerShell with UiPath we use a tiny test script which needs a parameter and delivers the result of a message box as string.

#-Begin-----------------------------------------------------------------

Param(
  [String]$UserName
)

#-Sub Main--------------------------------------------------------------
Function Main {
  Add-Type -AssemblyName System.Windows.Forms;
  [String]$Result = [System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox]::Show("Hello $($UserName)", `
    "Hello", [System.Windows.Forms.MessageBoxButtons]::OKCancel);
  $Result;
}


#-Main------------------------------------------------------------------
Main;

#-End-------------------------------------------------------------------
Now the integration of this PowerShell script into a UiPath sequence. Here is one way to read the PowerShell script as text file into a UiPath variable. This variable is the command text for the UiPath activity Invoke PowerShell. It is necessary to set the IsScript flag of the PowerShell Invoke activity in this case. The parameter for the script must be defined also as parameter for the activity, with the same name. Set the TypeArgument property to string and the result of the script will be a collection of strings too, which are stored in the variable Result. With the Write Line activity this result is shown in the output window of UiPath. Here the workflow file of UiPath. On this way it is possible to combine PowerShell in UiPath seamlessly and to communicate directly from UiPath with the PowerShell script and vice versa.

uipath sequence to combine powershell
uipath sequence to combine powershell
On the other way it is also possible to call the PowerShell script directly, with its full file name, include the path. In this case it is necessary to disable the IsScript flag in the properties.

uipath sequence to combine powershell


The following example shows how to get the version and architecture of the engine of Invoke PowerShell activity of UiPath.

#-Begin-----------------------------------------------------------------

"$($PSVersionTable.PSVersion) - $env:PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE"

#-End-------------------------------------------------------------------
The path to the PowerShell script is set to Environment.CurrentDirectory, this is the path to the current UiPath project directory. On this way you can store the script in same directory and with the publishing it is part of the package.

uipath sequence to combine powershell
The result shows us the version and architecture of the PowerShell package, used by UiPath Studio, in the version 22.4.3 of the Windows compatibility mode.

uipath sequence to combine powershell


Hint: It is recommended to always include the PowerShell script as a standalone PS1 file in the UiPath workflow. On this way it can be tested very easily with PowerShell and then included in UiPath on the same way.


Web UI Automation

10.06.2017 / 07.07.2022
More and more desktop applications are being replaced by web applications. Selenium is recommended for this kind of automation approaches. To use it you need the WebDriver language bindings and a web driver for the browser. Of course, this depends on the browser used. After obtaining the necessary components, a simple test can be carried out using this Java sample program.


Mobile Device Automation

06.05.2018 / 26.07.2020


Native Windows Application Automation

03.10.2018

  • Windows Application Driver
    Hint: To use this driver you need the Appium client libraries. These are the same as mobile device automation above.

VBA Code Snippet to Detect Information about SAP GUI Elements

23.08.2020
In a few cases it is in business context not allowed to install additional analyze software or tools. So applications that are permissible and available must be used, e.g. like Microsoft Office applications. This makes things a bit more laborious, but not impossible. Here a Visual Basic for Application (VBA) example to detect a few information of the UI Elements of a session of the SAP GUI for Windows with SAP GUI Scripting. The result is written into a Microsoft Excel table.

microsoft excel application with sap gui scripting information
With the access to this kind of information you can detect what you need, e.g. like ID, text, type, name or position, size, etc. On this way you can e.g. easily compare two versions of an UI, to find the differences. With the filter options in Excel the desired information can then be found very quickly. Here the corresponding post in the SAP Community. Here the source code of the modul class with a type definition and here the source code of the sheet.

Check the Existence of an SAP GUI Scripting Object Without Exception

18.11.2013
Different SAP environments are not always identical. So it is possible that an GUI object is available in one environment, but not in another. Here a method how to check the existence of a GUI object. In a normal case, if an object not exists, you get an exception error in a messagebox and the script terminates immediately. With this method you can choose whether the script terminate or not. I think this method is a way to make scripting more robust for the work in different environments.
A sub procedure C checks the existence. It gets the SAP GUI Scripting command as string parameter and delivers it to the method Exe of the Check class. This method calls the method FindById and if it doesn't find an object, an exception is thrown. Now the class was destroyed and the destructor calls the method ErrCatch. This method opens a messagebox and sets a global flag. If the flag is set, with a positive answer of the messagebox, the script terminate immediately or runs again with a negative answer. The example code checks the objects of the logon screen.

Access to SAP via ActiveX control

17.08.2012 / 17.11.2013
With the installation of SAP GUI for Windows on the presentation server you get also some ActiveX controls to connect and to communicate with an SAP system. You can use these ActiveX controls easily inside Visual Basic Script and therefore inside of an HTML application - but only with Microsoft Internet Explorer. It is possible to build a HTML GUI and use it with data from an SAP system. Inside the HTML there is a VBScript functionality necessary, which gets the data from the SAP system and uses the Document Object Model (DOM).
With this source code you can view any SAP table content as HTML table. It shows an easy GUI, with only one the connection parameters, an input field for a SAP table name and a button to view the table content in the HTML table.
Important hint:Do not use ActiveX controls furthermore, they are deprecated.

How to read any table with SAP GUI Scripting and write it to a CSV file

16.04.2012
You can do a lot of things with SAP GUI Scripting. Beside the simulation of user inputs you can automize a lot of other stuff. But therefore it is necessary to mix the possibilities e.g. with Visual Basic Scripting. In this source code shows how to read any SAP table from the ALV-Grid of the transaction code SE16 record by record and write it in a text file. The delimiter between each field is a semicolon.
If you want to process the records of the table inside your Visual Basic Scripting code, it is not in any case a benefit to work with a file. This source shows a way to read a table in an array - not a file.
With this examples it is very easy to export any table from SAP and import the data e.g. in Microsoft Excel to analyze or process it.

Selection of posts

23.08.2020 / 08.10.2020


How to use UnRAR library with PowerShell

05.01.2020
RAR is a very good archive format to compress any type of files in archives. RARLAB offers a free library to unpack those kind of archive files. You can find the UnRAR library here. It is very easy possible to use this library with PowerShell. Therefore you need the definitions of constants, structures und functions as C# code. This code is read as here-string from a file, here the C# code. The following example script contains a function with the name UnpackRAR with the parameters filename and destination path. It reads the C# definition and sets, if necessary, a definition to decide which version (x86 or x64) of the library should be used. It opens the archive and extracts all contained files in the destination path. Here the PowerShell script example how to use the UnRAR library. On this way it is very easy now to extract RAR compressed archives with PowerShell.

How to use any scripting language with PowerShell

01.01.2019 / 10.04.2022
PowerShell script offers the possibility to start any scripting language interpreter with additional arguments and to catch the result. The following examples shows Python and AutoIt, try it with .\CallScriptFromPS.ps1 """Hello World""". Here the PowerShell script to call any scripting language interpreter, here the Python example script and here the AutoIt example script.

PowerShell calls script interpreter

How to use VB.NET via PowerShell inside Java

21.06.2016
Here an example how to use VB.NET inside Java, equivalent to the ABAP example. The VB code is in an external file in a project directory from Eclipse.
Look at the source here.

How to use PowerShell Inside Java

13.06.2016
I use JaCoB (Java COM Bridge) with SAPIEN Technologies ActiveX PowerShell library. On this way it is possible to use PowerShell; seamless and easily inside Java. With regard to the Eclipse IDE this may be an interesting aspect - but I must admit a little bit exotic.
Look at the source here.

How to use SQLite ODBC with PowerShell

05.06.2016
Here is an approach how to use SQLite databases with PowerShell script language via an ODBC driver. On this way we have the possibility to export tables from an SAP system into a SQLite container, to use it from the backend via ABAP and also to use it from the frontend via PowerShell. It should be also considered that SQLite is available for Android, Linux, Mac OS X and different Windows platforms e.g. like Windows Phone. So we can exchange static data or data without permanent changes easily.
Look at the source here.

Selection of posts

25.12.2016 / 31.03.2021

Links

21.10.2016 / 23.09.2020


Import CSV file into table

09.04.2017
In a few cases it is necessary to transfer table data from one system to another. Here a report how to import table data from a csv file in an SAP system. To export table data you can use transaction code SE16. This method doesn't work with a table which contains RAW data fields.

Reset Passwords of SAP Standard Users in Different Clients

10.01.2016
In a normal case you configure the SAP standard users like SAP* or DDIC once when you install the application server. But later, month ago, it could be possible that you forget the passwords of the standard users in the different clients of the application server. Here a program to set or copy the passwords of the standard users in the client 000 from client 001.

Examples of ActiveX Library Integration in ABAP

With ABAP it is possible to use ActiveX applications on the presentation server. Now a few examples to show some possibilities.

  • How to use SAP GUI Scripting inside ABAP
    04.12.2011 / 22.07.2016
    In current versions from SAP for Windows the security options don't allow the using of SAP GUI Scripting inside ABAP. Disable this security rules to try the source. This source shows the possibility to use SAP GUI Scripting inside ABAP

  • Easy Way of ABAP ActiveX Connectivity
    06.08.2014

  • How to use Visual Basic Script
    24.10.2011
    It is also possible to use Microsoft Visual Basic Script inside ABAP. This means you can execute scripts direct from ABAP. Here a source to execute VBScript from ABAP and here an alternative source to execute VBScript from ABAP.

  • How to use Google translate
    24.01.2011
    With the Microsoft Internet Explorer it is possible to call web sites via COM. In the following code we call Google translate and send a text to translate it and get the result back. It translate from German to English language. Here the ABAP source to call Google translate.
    This program bases on a VBA code snippet from Jean Pierre Allain, thanks to Jean Pierre.

  • How to use Microsoft Word spell and grammar checker
    03.10.2010
    The Microsoft Office applications are a quasi standard, installed on most of the business computers and it can be use via OLE. Now it is a small step to use the functionalities of the Office applications also in ABAP. In the following code we look at the spelling and grammar checker of Microsoft Word. You get any text you want from ABAP to Word, check it and it is returned in a corrected form. Here the ABAP source to use Words spell and grammar checker.

  • How to call a Windows CHM help file with ABAP
    10.08.2009
    With this ABAP code it is possible to call each CHM help file on the presentation server and control them. You can switch between the tabs, open the content you want and close the file. Here the ABAP source to use CHM help files.

  • How to control a client with AutoItX from SAP ABAP
    04.07.2009
    It is very easy to control a client system from SAP ABAP with AutoIt. Do not forget to register AutoItX on the client system via regsvr32.exe AutoItX.dll. Now you can use AutoIt from ABAP, look at the simple example, it calls notepad and type a text in it:

    Data: AutoIt Type OLE2_OBJECT,
    			pid Type i.
    
    Create Object AutoIt 'AutoItX3.Control'.
    
    Call Method Of AutoIt 'Run' = pid
    	Exporting #1 = 'notepad.exe'.
    
    Call Method Of AutoIt 'WinWaitActive'
    	Exporting #1 = 'Unbenannt - Editor'.
    
    Call Method Of AutoIt 'Send'
    	Exporting #1 = 'Hello from ABAP'.
    
    Free Object AutoIt.

Use DLL calls in ABAP

26.09.2009
It is not ordinary but very easy to use DLL calls in ABAP or script languages, e.g. VBScript. Yuri Popov programmed a module, called DynamicWrapperX. It is an ActiveX component, which allow to call each function in a DLL you want via COM. A great module. Here the module DynamicWrapperX.
Thanks to Yuri Popov for this module.
The library offers a lot of functions but I miss the possibility to set a string on an address. So I programmed a small extension library to do it. The library contains only one function, with the name StrPut. Here the DynamicWrapperX extension.

  • How to call Windows API OutputDebugString with ABAP
    25.01.2011
    To view ABAP debug output on the presentation server you can use the Windows API function OutputDebugString. zDebug is an example, it is a small collection of ABAP procedures or classes to use an external debugger, e.g. like DebugView from Microsoft TechNet, to catch the debug output. Here the ABAP source to use Windows API debug functions.
    Important hint: These procedures only works with foreground jobs and online processes. They does not work with background jobs and batch processes.

  • How to call each DLL function in ABAP
    26.06.2009
    With this module you can use DLL calls in ABAP, the SAP programming language, very easy too.
    And it is necessary to register DynamicWrapperX on the presentation server too, with regsvr32.exe dynwrapx.dll.
    Look at the ABAP source code to call a DLL function.
    Important hint: This method works only with foreground jobs and online processes. It works not with background jobs and batch processes.
    See also my thread in the SCN.

RFC Read Table in JSON Format

21.01.2017
More and more is JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) the standard in data exchange. I extend the remote enabled function module RFC_READ_TABLE to deliver SAP table data also in JSON format. Here the extended function module of RFC_READ_TABLE with the possibility to export the content in JSON format. Here the corresponding post in the SAP Community.

Setting up Database Storage for ArchiveLink

03.06.2013
Hier ein Beitrag zur Nutzung von ArchiveLink mit miniSAP und der Quellcode zur Nutzung von ArchiveLink mit miniSAP.

Selection of posts

21.01.2017 / 08.10.2020


Helpful Hints for Microsoft Windows


How to Update Windows Defender without Online Connection

It very easy to update Windows Defender, the actual security program in Windows, without an online connection. Use the link to microsoft.com and download the correct file. Execute the file, e.g. mpam-feX64.exe, from the Explorer with administration rights. Now the Defender is up to date.

How to Find Drivers and Updates for Windows

Microsoft offers a very good database to find hardware drivers and update packages.

OLE Experience

20.08.2010
OLEView is an OLE/COM viewer from Microsoft and a part of the Windows SDK. It is possible with a simple mouse click to view the type library of the COM library with this tool in IDL (Interface Definition Language). But something is to notice: You must use a version number for the COM library 1.0 and higher. If you use a version number 0.x, it is not possible to view the interface - you get an error. The COM library works with a version number 0.x perfect, but OLEView can not read the interface and store the IDL file. The COM viewer, also from Microsoft, shows the interface without any problems.

Compression and Protection of Executables Fires Virus Scanner Phobia

01.05.2008
I put my memory stick in a strange computer and suddenly the virus scanner gives alarm. It detects that one of my programs is infected with a trojan. I programmed and compiled it and the virus scanner of my system means it is all okay. Now I look a little bit nearer and analyze this situation:
  • 1. Step: I send my program to Virustotal.com and it gives me a report back. Several virus scanners found different viruses and trojans and mean my program is suspicious.
  • 2. Step: I wrote a very easy program and compiled it and sent it to Virustotal again. I was surprised about the result. One virus scanner gave alarm (see the results).
  • 3. Step: Then I compressed the program with UPX and sent it to Virustotal again. Now I was more surprised, three virus scanners found different viruses, and the virus scanner from the second step not (see the results).
  • 4. Step: Then I protected the programs with Molebox and sent it to Virustool and checked it again. It came what I expected: more different viruses and trojans (see the results).
Virus scanners are necessary, nothing more to say, but if the phobia of the scanner makes users feel insecure, it goes to far. To use security mechanism in our programs is also necessary and allowed. But the scan technic of the virus scanner uses the same mechanism as a virus or trojan and our programs protect against "scan attack". So the virus scanner thinks, oh, it defends my "scan attack", it is suspicious and brands the program. The user thinks, oho, it is a virus or trojan in the program and deletes it, great.
What can we do?
  • Check each program with Virustotal and inform the user about the results.
  • Create for each program a checksum e.g. SHA256 and publish it with the link and with the file.
Thanks to the UPX team for the great program.
Thanks to the Molebox team for the great tool.
Thanks to Virustotal for the great scan service.
Look at: Virus scanning test results, Adobe Reader expected.



separator picture of a sunset